Friday, 12 February 2021

Toomas Karmo: Prof. C.T. (Tom) Bolton (1943-2021) and the 2007-2018 DDO&P Defence Crisis

Quality assessment: 

On the 5-point scale current in Estonia, and surely in nearby nations, and familiar to observers of the academic arrangements of the late, unlamented, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (applying the easy and lax standards Kmo deploys in his grubby imaginary "Aleksandr Stepanovitsh Popovi nimeline sangarliku raadio instituut" (the "Alexandr Stepanovitch Popov Institute of Heroic Radio") and his grubby imaginary "Nikolai Ivanovitsh Lobatshevski nimeline sotsalitsliku matemaatika instituut" (the "Nicolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky Institute of Socialist Mathematics") - where, on the lax and easy grading philosophy of the twin Institutes, 1/5 is "epic fail", 2/5 is "failure not so disastrous as to be epic", 3'5 is "mediocre pass", 4.5 is "good", and 5/5 is "excellent"): 3/5. Justification: I knew enough to treat my subject adequately within the limited scope I set myself, but did not know enough to be able to widen my scope beyond my chosen theme of practical civics, as would be required in the case of an ambitious, full-scale, obituary. 

Revision history:

  • UTC=20210222T102200Z/version 1.1.0: Kmo corrected "microscopist" to "micrometrist", in the discussion of the two Struves. He reserved the right to continue producing, in a way not documented here, minor tweaks, over the coming 120 hours, as version 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ... . 
  • UTC=20210212T195850Z/version 1.0.0: Kmo uploaded base version. He then planned to continue producing, in a way not documented here, minor tweaks, over the coming 120 hours, as versions 1.0.1, 1.0.2, ... . . 




1. Prof. Tom Bolton in Scientific and Civic Service 

A leading Canadian observational astrophysicist, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Prof. C.T. (Tom) Bolton, born in the USA in 1943, died a few days before 2021 February 5. I belive he died alone, in his home near Ontario's David Dunlap Observatory and Park (DDO&P). When I received the news, on February 7, the coroner had not yet determined a date of death. I imagine that something like February 1 or February 2 or February 3 is close to whatever official finding will in due course get made. 

I will leave it to more qualified writers to discuss Prof. Bolton's work, both on high-velocity hot stars (the "OB runaways") and on his identification of the first stellar-mass black hole candidate. 

I am not competent to write anything at all on the OB runaway-star work. 

Concerning black holes, it suffices here to remark, briefly, that Prof. Bolton put the DDO 1.88-metre telescope to successful use. His spectrogram plates of the ninth-magnitude star HDE 226868 built up part of the case (with another part contributed independently, by Webster and Murdin in the UK) for the hypothesis that the HDE 226868 binary-companion X-ray source, Cyg X-1, is a hot accretion disk girdling (not a mere neutron star, but more radically) a black hole. 

This was the first stellar-mass black hole candidate known to science. When I checked with an appropriate specialist, perhaps around 2018, only around thirty other such subsequent candidates had been identified. Here, then, is one of the five or ten principal observational results in 20th-century astrophysics. 

Prof. Bolton's achievement came through hands-on labour and deep thinking. It came despite the modest size (in international terms, from the 1970s onward) of what was at the time, and still is, the largest telescope in Canada. 

While others have written in a pessimistic vein about the problem of light pollution at DDO, the  facts are these: (a) The light pollution has been rather steady, rather than suffering a severe rise, since the 1980s, in other words since the ten or fifteen years following Prof. Bolton's spectroscopy. (b) With a liquid-nitrogen-cooled digital camera, as opposed to the chemical-photography plate technology available in the early 1970s to Prof. Bolton, it was routine for us in the DDO of 2008 to take good spectrograms of stars much fainter than the ninth-magnitude HDE 226868. We could push down, with acceptable signal-to-noise ratios, to perhaps magnitude 11 or magnitude 12, or still fainter.

In my earlier days with Prof. Bolton, from 2006 November, our conversations  turned on my observing duties for him at the 1.88-metre telescope, and on my related daytime duties of one-dimensional spectrogram extraction for him, via the IRAF software suite, from the digital spectrograph-camera files. 

I admired the name he bestowed on the high-grade Linux workstation which housed our endless IRAF work. Some years before I became Prof. Bolton's research assistant, and surely without any notable knowledge of Estonian astronomy, he had designated his imposing machine struve.astro.utoronto.ca. His choice for that "Fully Qualified Domain Name" was a salute to Otto Struve (1897-1963), a USA-based Russian-emigré great-grandson of a Baltic-German authority remembered here in Estonia as a principal luminary of the Tartu Observatory, namely the binary-systems filar micrometrist Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (1793-1864). The salute was in its turn an indication of what I prized in Prof. Bolton, a dedication to observationally grounded physical insight. Otto Struve (and indeed in an indirect sense even his ancestor, the tsarist binary-systems pioneer Friedrich Georg Wilhlem) is a contributor to the physical analysis that transforms mere astronomy into the duly high, duly severe, discipline of astrophysics. 

For a while stars, and also occasionally mildly scandalous retellings of old dome gossip - I nowadays treasure Prof. Bolton's story of the misfortune which befell stellar astronomer "PQR", of Slavic-outside-European-Union extraction at McDonald Observatory in Texas - were the staples of such conversation as pressure from our respective DDO duties made occasionally possible for us. (It was a good story. Prof. Bolton told it well, with a good Hollywood-Slavic intonation. The temperamental "PQR" was on one particular night specially truculent, and complained in the Texan dark to a night assistant or some such, "I am zee greatest astronomer in zee VÖRLD." At this point he took a step backward in the gloom, to underscore his superiority, and with disastrous consequences fell from quite a height off a platform. As Prof. Bolton told me the story, PQR subsequently judged it appropriate to sue the McDonald administration.)

With, however, the 2007 September 10 announcement by the University of Toronto that the David Dunlap Observatory and Park (DDO&P) would be sold on the open market, a new side of my boss emerged. Some people have a seemingly innate affinity for marathon running, or again for dance, or again for mathematics, or again for sculpting. As the DDO&P conservation crisis unfolded, from that September Monday morning onward, it became increasingly clear that Prof. Bolton had an affinity for civics. 

This is a thing not so commonly encountered even in the ranks of eminent professional politicians. In all my life of peregrination and incident, I have met only a few people with this virtue. There was, for instance, the so-serious lad, aged perhaps ten, on the train, in the summer of 1974 near Munich. His dad, he told me, was an official of some weight at the United Nations. We discussed public affairs in English, on a rather statistical basis, I think standing uncomfortably in the so-crowded second-class corridor, for perhaps a half hour. It was as though the whole weight of the troubled planet rested already on his shoulders, as it surely rested on the shoulders of his distinguished dad. - What can have become of that boy? He is likely to be at late-career stage now, with grey hair and grandchildren. Is he, like his father before him, with the United Nations? Is he, alternatively, an Ambassador, or perhaps a First Secretary or Second Secretary, in some London or Washington or Paris embassy, representing in ever-so-excellent English whatever significant nation may be his ancestral homeland? Or did his innate talent somehow get smothered in adolescence, as talent can be where mentors and tutors prove unequal to their grave responsibilities? 

Before I can develop Prof. Bolton's civic side in detail, I must digress - supplying, to those of my readers who may desire them, pointers to briefing materials on what might now be termed "the 2007-2018 DDO&P Defence Crisis". 


2. Essentials of the 2007-2018 DDO&P Defence Crisis

What I here call the "Crisis" seems in fact to have been the weightiest Canadian heritage-conservation case of its time. I offer this assessment with some confidence, having glanced more than once at what other alarming things were on Canadian heritage-conservation desks in those eleven years. There were various individual buildings of note - the subsequently rescued "Normal College" in the Nova Scotian town in which I was born, and where my exiled father was serving in a agronomic civil-service capacity, a historical exhibition hall somewhere out West, remains of  diminishing Canadian church life. In the province of Québec, an entire monastery or convent faced possible demolition. A village streetscape, I am fairly sure on some small Lake Ontario island, was in similar danger. Nevertheless, it seemed that nothing at that time could quite equal the case of 77 hectares of urban greenspace, perhaps half of it under forest cover, housing one of Canada's three internationally significant observatories, and constituting an ensemble which under more visionary municipal, provincial, and federal guidance might by 2015 or 2020 or 2025 have hoped to attain inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List. 

In the end, the Crisis turned out badly, with all buildings but the 1970s-era gatehouse conserved, and yet with research spectroscopy at the 1.88-metre telescope indefinitely suspended. The 1.88-metre was now put to the humblest of uses, fitted with a mere eyepiece, as appropriate for public outreach. Of the 77 hectares, 32 were ceded to property developer "Corsica", in 2015 renamed "DG Group". The latter name surely signifies a flagship for the commercially prominent De Gasperis family, whose collaborators on DDO&P subdivision development included the equally prominent Muzzo family. (It should perhaps be noted here, in the interest of moral clarity and to prevent speculation by the excitable, that the Marc Muzzo who was a director of Corsica during the Crisis is not the  much-discussed convict Marco Muzzo, granted full parole on 2021 February 9, but his paternal uncle. I have no knowledge of any criminal allegations against the senior Muzzo. - I did make a feeble effort at investigating the De Gasperis family, mindful of such things as the local Mafia, reputedly anchored not in Sicily but in the 'Ndrangheta grouping of Calabria. My one semi-inside source, in a short chat, led me to think that circumstances do not point in anything like an 'Ndrangheta direction, or in any other criminal direction, and indeed point rather in the direction of moral, duly Catholic, probity.) Those wishing to see what the Corsica destruction of forest looked like can view footage, taken by some drone operator not known to me, at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQuHx-7QAKw (YouTube upload of 2015 May 13, by YouTube user "Beygin Media", under the title "Fallen trees - Richmond Hill aerial of Dunlap Observatory Hill home development"). Those seeking an impression of the subdivision that has replaced the forest might visit https://myobservatoryhill.ca/ or http://www.aspenridgehomes.com/new-homes/Richmond-Hill/observatory-hill

The temporal demarcation of the Crisis is easy. It started, as already noted, on the morning of the Monday which was 2007 September 10. That was the morning a press release from the University of Toronto, announcing an intention to sell, landed in the e-mail inboxes of DDO workers. The three Dunlap grandchildren had evidently at last caved in, the language of Jessie Donalda Dunlap's 1932 Deed of Indenture, barring sale of the so-generously donated facility, notwithstanding. And I suspect none will dispute my dating of the Crisis end, as the afternoon of the Saturday which was 2018 June 9. 

On that particular Saturday, previous provisional arrangements for public education or "public outreach" at DDO, under the auspices of the pro-am astronomy-education specialists of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC; http://www.rasc.ca/) were formally replaced by a programme of public outreach under proper municipal auspices, involving both RASC and the DDO Defenders (DDOD; http://ddod.ca/). The Mayor spoke, other municipal dignitaries, as I think I recall, spoke; I presume DDOD spoke well; I vividly recall RASC speaking, with a fine command of facts, of the history of DDO in Canadian astrophysics; the citizen-engineering YLab group mounted instructive displays, and offered a friendly welcome, in the DDO basement laboratory area; and people in the big crowd shook hands in a spirit of sincerity. My impressions of that Saturday, with an analysis of its positive conservationist significance, are available at http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/06/the-ddo-conflict-2007-09-10-to-2018-06.html

Further materials on the 2007-2018 Crisis are available by clicking on the right-margin "DDO&P conservation case" hyperlink at http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/. Many of the blogspot postings under that link, reflecting detailed week-to-week work of Mayor and Council, will be of interest primarily to specialists in municipal affairs. At least two, however, might be useful to a wider audience: 

Not under that hyperlink, but also relevant, is the following:

For full clarity, and to forestall adverse speculations within some of my readership, it is advisable to conclude this briefing with bare-bones points about DDOD: 

  • DDOD, founded late in 2007, was taken over, de facto if not at first de jure, by political aspirant Ms Karen Cilevitz in the spring of 2008.
  • Ms Cilevitz and DDOD played a fully constructive, in other words a fully conservation-supportive, conservationist role until at least 2010, as detailed at http://karen-vs-toomas-blog.ca/20140218T035440Z____blogpost/NNNN____20140218T035440Z____blogpost__main.html
  • Ms Cilevitz had during this period the fully appropriate approval and support not only of me as an administratively and scientifically junior figure but (what is significant, and moreover speaks to her good side) of Prof. Bolton. Additionally, she had a constructive relationship with the principal conservationists in the Crisis, Prof. Bolton's staunch friends (and equally my staunch friends) the Richmond Hill Naturalists (https://www.rhnaturalists.ca/). 
  • The key 2011 DDOD decision to support subdivision development on 32 of the 77 hectares, thereby undercutting (perhaps fatally, perhaps not fatally) the potential federal-government DDO&P World Heritage List case, is to be laid more at the door of Ms Cilevitz than of other, still-active, DDOD personalities, at that time administratively subordinate to her within DDOD.
  • The key movers in this 2011 disaster were in any case not DDOD but the developer and the municipality, as the de facto principal parties in closed-door negotiations at the then still-functioning Ontario Municipal Board. DDOD participated in the trap which was closed-doors negotiation through Ms Cilevitz's error in judgement, and had only a minor influence on the outcome of the protacted parleys - I suspect not much beyond the rescuing, and the relocation within the DDO&P remnant, of the little 1930s DDO "Pump House". 
  • The current Karen Cilevitz criminal case, frightening though it may prove today, as her trial date of 2021 April 1 approaches, has to the best of my limited knowledge no connection with the DDO&P conservation file. As we monitor her evolving case, we do well to remind ourselves that her two charges notwithstanding (fraud over 5000 CAD, breach of trust by public officer), everyone is in law innocent unless and until the court issues a finding of guilt. I also herewith reiterate my various calls over the years, at blogspot and elsewhere, for a reconciliation between Karen and myself, even while herewith refraining from comment on the terms of her and my 2014 out-of-court settlement. (It was not I who sued her, but she who sued me.) 


3. Prof. Bolton in the 2007-2018 DDO&P Defence Crisis

Part of what comes to mind in the specific DDO&P civic context of Prof. Bolton is, inevitably, suffering. 

I recall his ejection, in 2008 July, from the Administration Building of the distinguished facility to which he had in a broad range of scientific and administrative capacities devoted much of his distinguished career: he was in tears, and if I recall accurately sitting, like the Observatory outcast he had become, by some cardboard boxes of items from his office. And yet I had not previously found him inclined to displays of lachrymose emotion. I recall, as a further cruel twist of this knife - eminently useful to us on the conservationist side, in our coldly militant, and fully necessary, ruthlessness, but nevertheless cruel - the to-us-unexpected National Post photography of Prof. Bolton at the doorstep. It was in these loud terms that our communal unhappiness got communicated not to the Greater Toronto Area alone, but to pretty much every Canadian newsstand. 

From the same troubled month, quite likely from the same surreal day, I recall Prof. Bolton listening attentively near the Administration Building doorstep when I vented civic emotion in operatic mode, opening the dome catwalk door to the daytime sky and delivering appropriate commentary from that vast hemispherical reverberation chamber. I had for some months steeled myself for the worst by secreting in the telescope control room, and on suitable dome occasions practicing, the Dies irae. It was therefore (as I also recall in the "Islands in a Time of Civilizational Decline" essay, Part C, as cited above) easy enough for me to use the reverberation to amplify my already-strong tenor, so that the grieving scientist could hear also, even stationed, as he was, some tens of metres away. Dies irae! Dies illa! Solvet saec'lum in favilla ... ("Day of anger, that Day!  It will dissolve the world into ash," and so on and so on, for nineteen pitiless stanzas which outdo even the Finlandia hymn's powerful "Oi Suomi, katso, sinun päivas' koittaa"). 

Recall offers also, however, happier moments from Prof. Bolton's civic engagement. 

There were Prof. Bolton's contributions as a key witness, at the hearings of the  Conservation Review Board (CRB) in 2009 (where we obtained a broadly favourable verdict) and at the Ontario Municipal Board in 2012 (where our verdict was astonishingly adverse). He spoke clearly, without superfluities, to the point, evidently unshaken by the efforts of the developer's counsel. His serenity under fire must have been due chiefly to the innate civic affinity which is the principal theme of this present obituary notice. Surely also helpful at CRB was the sage advice from someone on our side, from within the ranks of the consistently conservationist Richmond Hill Naturalists. Someone (not me) from that grouping had said to him, wisely, "Tom, just go there and enjoy yourself." And so he in a way did, even while under the dreaded "Cross", when the opposing advocate can throw any subtle curve-ball question, and within tribunal rules even any unintentionally or intentionally upsetting question, at you. 

Further, many hundreds will recall with gratitude Prof. Bolton's braving winter weather to speak, with a troubling cold and well scarved, to the podium microphone in our big 2008 protest meeting on the grounds of the Ontario Legislative Assembly, in downtown Toronto, across the street from the main University campus. This was the day on which we delivered a conservationist petition with several thousand signatures, in its original to the Legislative Assembly via our Member of Legislative Assembly, and in photocopy to "Vice-President, Business Affairs" Catherine Riggall at the University. The conservationists do not seem to have preserved a YouTube record of those particular podium remarks. Something of their flavour, however, can be inferred from a surviving YouTube record of other podium work, in which Prof. Bolton, at the steps of the DDO Administration Building, addresses a crowd of perhaps fifty or one hundred or two hundred (perhaps not on that occasion, as I now think, significantly over one hundred). He can be seen speaking with passion in check, as required of the results-oriented civic activist, and yet arguing (as likewise required) without compromise, all his pertinent points duly marshalled, with little or no padding, at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7acKj-DB2Ak. (This it the YouTube upload of 2008 February 10, by former DDO Telescope Operator Jim Thomson, under YouTube username "jrthomson1", under the title "David Dunlap Observatory sale protest".)

And I recall the hope which he infused into the immediate DDO family in the initial days of the Crisis. A meeting was hastily convened in his Administration Building office. Perhaps half a dozen of us were present. The atmosphere was electrifying, perhaps more than in any other small meeting I have attended. It was  clear that we would fight with all the peaceful and legal means at our disposal; there was no self-pity, no grandstanding, and as I now recall it not even any discernible pessimism. 

Above all, there is a thing from Prof. Bolton which antedated the 2007-2018 DDO&P Defence Crisis by a couple of decades, and which - as I will shortly explain - serves now as his best, as his most concretely operational, civic contribution. One might now term it his most fitting civic memorial. 


4. By-law 63-95 as a Bolton DDO&P Defence Legacy

Various things will have to be done if the 45-hectare DDO&P remnant, and DDO within it, are to be adequately protected over the coming years. Some of them are to an encouraging extent now being done. 

The municipality, having been complicit in greenspace destruction, is now redeeming itself with a duly heavy investment in restoration of the DDO domes and masonry (to, it seems, correct heritage-conservation standards). 

Although there is an ever-present danger of DDO&P degenerating into an astronomically themed Disney World, DDOD under its current executive is duly aware of the need to start up a programme of scientific research, and has already made some  steps in this so-necessary direction of "citizen science". I like to think that this DDOD initiative will help pave the way for eventual parallel efforts by DDOD's public-outreach co-worker, RASC. 

Additionally, we may hope that, as the passions of the 2007-through-2018 period cool, it will be increasingly evident both to Ottawa and to the provincial government that an observatory as major as DDO must be put to substantive use in university teaching, notably in teaching at the graduate-school level (where students are standardly offered a practical apprenticeship in publication-quality research). 

Here in Estonia, our principal national facility, the dark-sky campus of Tartu Observatory, has since 2018 been run not as the old Soviet-occupation "autonomous Institute", but as a unit administratively within Tartu University. (Tõravere operates a 1.5-metre spectroscopy telescope, a half-metre manually controlled photometry telescope, and a smaller roboticized photometry telescope.) The upshot of this new arrangement is that Tartu University, as an institution which in the global rankings figures modestly enough, coming in a bit below Nova Scotia's internationally respected Dalhousie University, is nevertheless able to offer its students a practical research-apprenticeship experience superior to what is currently on  local offer at the three graduate-level astronomy programmes in the Greater Toronto Area (the programmes, namely, at McMaster University in Hamilton, York University at the very edge of the City of Toronto, and the University of Toronto). Happy though such a situation may be for Estonia, it puts Canada, as a notably wealthy and powerful nation, into an unfavourable light. As a student in Tartu, you can be exposed to professional spectroscopy, with 1.5 metres of aperture. As an M.Sc. or Ph.D. student in one or another of the three Greater Toronto Area programmes, by contrast, you must either travel outside Ontario or make do with a downtown scope, in a small (rooftop-class) dome. There is just a metre of aperture at York University, in the context of a recent laudable heavy investment, and less than that at McMaster and the University of Toronto. If I recall accurately, the University of Toronto pair of downtown rooftope-dome scopes offer apertures well below even 0.4 metres. An instrument with an aperture of 0.5 metres, in other words one-third of the aperture at Tõravere, will harvest from a given target in each second one-ninth the number of photons which Tõravere harvests. I make these points in sorrow, not as an indulgence in Estonian boasting, but as a call to Canadian action. 

As the 2007-2018 passions cool, Canada must, then, work toward an arrangement in which the 45-hectare DDO&P remnant and the DDO buildings continue under their present municipal ownership, and in which the present correctly conceived DDOD-and-RASC public outreach continues, but in which research-grade spectroscopy gets revived, under the operational and budgetary support of perhaps two, perhaps all three, of the pertinent local graduate-school programmes. We may hope that RASC and DDOD can assist in the necessary discussions. 

Prof. Bolton has left a tool for facilitating this research-apprenticeship task, in the form of light-pollution municipal by-law 63-95. Details are offered by DDOD by way of a hyperlink, within the Bolton obituary notice at http://ddod.ca/, to the municipal document https://www.richmondhill.ca/en/shared-content/resources/documents/924-1050.pdf

Although it was his home municipality of Richmond Hill that enacted 63-95, it was Prof. Bolton himself, with few or no precedents anywhere in the international ensemble of municipalities to guide him, who did the scientific thinking and the civic explaining. Let by-law 63-95, then, or some appropriate updating of it, continue to underpin the integrity of DDO, as little by little within the DDO&P remnant the DDO scientific mission revives. 

 







 

Monday, 6 January 2020

Toomas Karmo: USA Vabariigi Rahukoraal / Peace Hymn of the USA Republic

Taustakirjeldus - Background



Ma ei kirjutanud  avalikult, kui Donald Trump sai 2016.a. USA presidendiks antud häälte vähemusega (H.Clinton 65,853,514, D.Trump 62,984,828). Ma ei kirjutanud avalikult, kui ta 2019.a. pillus oma Kurdist liitlased huntidele, ehkki ma sain juba tollal aru, et siin peitub võimalik õppetund Eesti Vabriigile, kui USA liitlasriik. Ma ei kirjutanud avalikult, kui ma hakkasin mõistma, et ta oli saanud kogusummas,  paari aastakümne jooksul, Deutsche Banki laene koguulatuses umbkaudselt 2,5 miljardit USD, ja et  laenutehingud ei olnud alati arusaadavad tavalise ärimudeli järgi (mille kohaselt pank ei annaks laenu omaenda pankrotti väljakuulutanud isikule, saati isikule, kes oli ise osutunud hagijaks laenuandva panga vastu). Ma isegi siis ei kirjutanud avalikult, kuii lugesin 2020.a. ajakirjanduses püstitatud hüpoteesi, et paradoksaalsete laenude taga seisis mõni teine, garanteeriv, pank, ja ühtlasi leidsin ajakirjanduse vihjed Deutsche Banki panganduslikkude sidemetele Venemaaga. Ka ei kirjutanud ma avalikult, kui Donald Trumpi  süüdistati rahvusvahelise õiguse rikkumises, olles käima pannud eduka atentaadi, kell UTC=20200102T2200Z, Iraani "Number Kahe", kindral Qasem Soleimani vastu.  - I did not write publicly when in  2016 Donald Trump became the USA president with a minority of the popular vote (H.Clinton 65,853,514, D.Trump  62,984,828). I did not write publicly when in 2019 he flung his Kurdish allies to the wolves, even though I understood already at that time the possible lesson his action bore for the Republic of Estonia, as a USA ally state. I did not write publicly when I began to understand that he had obtained, over a couple of decades, Deutsche Bank loans totalling around 2.5 billion USD, and that that loan transactions were not always comprehensible in terms of conventional business models (under which a bank would not advance loans to a person who has declared bankruptcy, let alone to a person who has sued the loan-granting bank). I did not write publicly even when I read the hypothesis offered in 2020 media, under which behind the paradoxical loans there was some different, guarantor, bank, and not even when I read journalistic references to Deutsche Bank ties with Russian banking. Again, I did not write publicly when Donald Trump was accused of breaching international law, having launched a successful assassination, at UTC=20200102T2200Z, of Iran's "Number Two", General Qasem Soleimani. 

Täna õhtu aga  minu kannatus lõppes. Pimedas bussis sõites Tartust Tõraverre, ja uudisi lugedes nutitelefonil, sain järgmist teada: Donald Trump on öeldnud, et kui Iraan tasub kindral Soleimani surma mõne omapoolse sõjalise sammuga, siis USA võimaliukult purustab Iraani kultuuripärandit (vt https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2020/jan/06/trump-threat-destruction-iran-heritage-war-crime). Seega, kus USA president nüüd ähvardab selge sõjaroima toimepanekuga, on vaikimine võimatu. - This evening my patience ran out. Sitting in a darkened bus from Tartu to Tõravere, and reading the news on my smartphone, I learned the following: Donald Trump has said that if Iran avenges the death of Soleimani with some act-of-war of its own, then the USA may undertake retaliatory destruction of Iranian cultural heritage  (cf https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2020/jan/06/trump-threat-destruction-iran-heritage-war-crime). With this fresh development, where the American President has threatened the commission of a clear war crime, it  is impossible to stay silent. 

Kui USA viis oma väed Iraqi 2003.a.,  kirjutasin ma "USA Vabariigi Rahukoraali", minu serveri ruumil http://www.metascientia.com. Keegi hea inimene leidis minu pala kiiresti Internetist kätte ja lasi seda vabaõhu jumalateenistusel laulda, Massachusettsis. Koor või kogudus oli liigutatud, kui õhtku tõusis nende helinate saatel kotkas, kadudes silmapiirilt üle kõrvalasuva tiigipinna, nagu mingisuguses isamaalikus filmikaadris.  - When the USA took its forces into Iraq in 2003, I composed a "Peace Hymn of the Republic" in my server space http://www.metascientia.com. Some kindly person found my work quickly on the Internet and caused it to be sung in an open-air service, in Massachusetts. The choir or congregation was touched when to the accompaniment of their performance an eagle took flight, disappearing from view over the surface of an adjacent pond, as though in some patriotic ciné clip. 

Ma sooviksin, et eestlased peaksid meeles, kuidas need "USA Vabariigi Rahukoraali" mõtted on leidnud varemaltki kajastust Massachusettsis. Teisisõnu, ma sooviksin, et eestlased ei kipuks praegu kogu USA mõttelaadi ja eetikat hindama Donald Trumpi alusel. - I would desire Estonians to be mindful  of the way in which these "Peace Hymn of the Republic" notions have in the past been received in Massachusetts. I would, in other words, hope that Estonians will not now be appraising the overall American mentality and morality on the basis of Donald Trump.  

Ma ka juhtiksin eestlaste tähelepanu asjaolule, et natuke aega pärast oma edukat Suleimani atentaati Pres.Trump võttis tagasi oma ähvardust rünnata Iraani kultuurobjekte, nüüd nentides, et kui kultuuripärandirünnak oleks rahvuvahelises jurisprudentsis seadustevastane, siis ta seda ette ei võtaks. Samas värskes kõnes nentis üldiselt, et temale isilikult on seadustest kinnipidamine meeelpärane. Seegi kõne peaks leevendama eestlaste praegust võimalikku hukkumõistmist, ehkki ta jätab teatud mulje, et tegemist on ebastabiilise juhiga. (Värkset kõnet saab kontrollida URL-il https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CFSmnLmnTUs : see on tarbija "Evening Standard"-i ülesmaadimine, kalendristembil 2020-01-08, pikkusega 00:44. Sisulisetl sama materjal on kätteleitav mujalgi YouTube'is, nagu selgub kui annakse YouTube'i otsingumootorile mingisugune  fraas nagu Trump cultural sites retraction, ja uurida tulemusi piisavalt terava pilguga.)  -  I would additionally direct the attention of Estonians to the fact that shortly after his successful Suleimani assassination, Pres. Trump retracted his threat to attack Iranian cultural sites, now asserting that if such an attack were to be contrary to (international) law,  he would not undertake it. In the same  fresh speech he asserted in general terms that himself is fond of complying with the law. This speech should moderate the possible current condemnation by Estonians - even though, admittedly, it leaves an impression of instability in a leader. (The fresh speech can be checked at the URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CFSmnLmnTUs : this is the upload of user "Evening Standard", under datestamp 2020-01-08, to a length of 00:44. The same content is retrievable also from elsewhere in YouTube, as becomes apparent when one first gives the YouTube search engine some such search phrase as  Trump cultural sites retraction and then inspects the retrieved links with close attention.)  

Siinjuures pakuksin uuesti oma 2003.a. tööd, ühes oma tolleaegse ingliskeelse kommentariga, ühe vajaliku pisimuudatusega laulusõnades, ja ühtlasi kommentaari eestindamisega. - I would herewith offer my 2003 work once again, with my English-language commentary from that year, although with one small change in the lyrics, and additionally with an Estonian translation of my commentary.  

Varem, 2003.a. variant, ilmus ka Kanada luuleajakirjads Poemata, mille väljaandaks oli Canadian Poetry Association. - The previous, 2003, version appeared also in the Canadian poetry journal Poemata, published by the Canadian Poetry Association.  

Nendele, kas tahavad kuulda esitust praegusel hetkel tavaliste sõnadega, võiksid valida St Paul'si Londoni toomikiriku leinateenistuse esitamist, 2001-09-14, nagu pakutud URL-il https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmpo0csiIMs (YouTube'i  üleslaadimine kellegi "julius 923" poolt, kalendristembiga 2009-09-13, kogupikkuses 5:35,  koguduse ühislaul algab umbes hetkel 01:30). - Those wishing to hear a performance with the currently customary lyrics could select the 2001-09-14 memorial service from St Paul's Cathedral in London, as offered at YouTube under the URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmpo0csiIMs (YouTube upload from a "julius923", under calendar stamp 2009-09-13, to a total duration of 5:35; the congregation begins singing at around 01.30). 

Eelnev Kommentaar ja Koraalisõnad - Preliminary Commentary and Hymn Lyrics 


((REVISION_HISTORY ORDER="LATEST_UPPERMOST"))
* 20190106T183600Z-version 0001.3000 
  __changed "raping" to the more appropriate (because more
    explicitly environmentalist, and also less militant) "fouling" 
* 20190106T164500Z/version 0001.2000
  __changed "now we fear the dark of war" to "now we've loosed
     the dogs of war" (cf Shakespeare, Julius Caesar Act III scene 1
     line 273, "Cry Havoc! and let slip the dogs of war"
  __added Estonian translation of 2003 commentary  
  __uploaded not to http://www.metascientia.com
    but to my more Web-visible server space http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com 
* 20030217T192953Z/version 0001.1001
  __supplemented background note
    in light of {roy.macgregor} Battle Hymn remarks
    in Toronto _Globe and Mail_ 2003-02-17 page A2
* 20030217T012912Z/version 0001.1000
  __corrected inappropriate triumphalist nuance in "city on a hilltop" 
  __made other small changes
* 20030216T055907Z/version 0001.0000
((/REVISION_HISTORY))

((BACKGROUND_NOTE)) 

This poem was written at a time of public spiritual emergency, on 15
and 16 February 2003, when Washington seemed ready to launch an unjust
war. - See luule sai kirjutatud avalikul vaimulikul häirehetkel, 15. ja
16. veebruaril 2003, kui tundus, et Washington oli valmis ebaõiglase sõja
lansseerimiseks. 

Was it presumptuous of me, as a citizen of Estonia and Canada, to
rewrite the Battle Hymn of the Republic?  No. A line of thinkers going
back to John Winthrop, first governor of Massachusetts, has correctly
proclaimed America a "city on a hill", a beacon to nations. America is
a political project, an intellectual and moral project, 
in which we all - regardless of our formal citizenship - 
rightly participate, and for whose integrity we all now rightly fear.
- Kas oli minu poolt pretensioonikas, kui Eesti ja Kanada kodanik, 
USA Vabariigi Lahingukoraali ümber kirjutada? Ei. Jada mõtlejaid, 
mis ulatub tagasi kuni John Winthropini, kui esimene Massachusettsi 
kuberner, on piisava põhjendusega hüüdnud USA-d "linnaks mäetipul", signaalileegiks 
maailma rahvastele. Ameerika on poliitiline ettevõte, mõisteline ja eetiline
ettevõte, milles me kõik - hoolimata meie formaalsest kodadkondsusest - 
täieõiguslikult osaleme, ja mille auvääärikuse üle me nüüd kõik 
täieõiguslikult muretseme. 

When Julia Ward Howe published her Battle Hymn of the Republic in
February, 1862, she was herself fitting new words to an existing
marching song, "John Brown's Body".  What she did, and what I am
trying to do here, others may well do, again and and again, as
circumstances change. - Kui Julia Ward Howe andis välja oma Vabariigi 
Lahingukoraali 1862.a. veebruaris, oli ta ise uusi sõnu koostamas
olemasolevale marssilaulule, "John Brown's Body". See, mida tegi tema,
ja mida ma ise katsun siin ära teha, teised võimaliult omalt poolt
edaspidigi teevad, kord ja veelkord, tuleviku muutuvates oludes. 

Howe, appalled by the violence of Civil War troops, devoted
her later life to peace. What we now know as Mother's Day might 
be considered a feeble echo of her 1872 mother's-day-of-peace
initiative. - Howe, masendatud Ameerika kodusõja 
lahinguliste jõhkrusest, pühendas oma hilisema elu rahuliikumisele. 
Seda, mida me praegu tunneme Emadepäevana, võiks pidada nõdraks
kajastuseks tema 1872.a. emade-rahupäeva algatusest.  

My hope is that my words will be sung occasionally at peace rallies as
we urge the present Washington officeholders to return to the liberal
ideals of America's founders. - Minu lootuseks on, et mu sõnu lauldakse
tulevikus, vahetevahel, rahuliikumise meeleavaldustel, kui me manitseme
praeguseid Washingtoni ametikandjaid tagasi tulla Ameerika asutajate
liberaalsetele aadetele. 

Toomas Karmo 
http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com (& http://wwww.metascientia.com)  
((/BACKGROUND_NOTE)) 

((TERMS-OF-USE_NOTE))

This document is to be considered freely reproducible in all media,
and freely usable for any noncommercial purpose, in the spirit of the
GNU Free Documentation License available at
((http://www.gnu.org/)). In reproducing the poem contained herein, it
suffices to append the following phrase:

     Freely usable in the spirit

     of the GNU Documentation License.            

     Version control information 

     and background notes are archived 

     on the Web pages of the author, Toomas Karmo,

     at ((http://www.metascientia.com))
     & ((https://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com))
     
((/TERMS-OF-USE_NOTE))



((TITLE))

Peace Hymn of the Republic

((/TITLE))




((MAIN_TEXT)) 

Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord:/ 

He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;/ 

He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:/

    His truth is marching on. 


Glory, glory, hallelujah!/ 

Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah;/

    His truth is marching on. 


We lived in ease and splendor and disdained the huddled poor,/ 

Fouling soils and seas and foreign skies, in arms and gold secure:/ 

Now we've lost our proud twin towers, now we've loosed the dogs of war;/

    God's truth goes marching on.


Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah;/

    God's truth goes marching on. 




Unhappy world, you grieve for us, and yet for you we mourn;/

Some billion souls seek sustenance, a tithing of our corn:/

From dying fields, from teeming slums, fresh terrors will be born -/

    Can truth go marching on?


Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah;/

   Can truth go marching on? 


((TEMPO="SLOW"))

Our strength lies not in battle gear but in humility;/

Through anguished meditation we discern our destiny:/

Our city on a hilltop shall embrace humanity;/

    God's truth shall lead us on.



Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah!/

Glory, glory, hallelujah;/

    God's truth shall lead us on. 
((/MAIN_TEXT))


[See on praeguse blogspoti pala lõpp. - This is the end of the current blogspot posting.]     

Friday, 21 June 2019

Toomas Karmo: XXVII, ehk 1869.a. suurjuubeli, üldlaulupeo tuli jõuab Tartu Observatooriumisse - Tartu Observatory Receives the XXVII National Song Festival Flame, Marking the Sesquicentennial of the Inaugural (1869) Festival

Nii jõudis XXVII Üldlaulupeo tuli täna hommikul Tartu Observatooriumisse. Minu foto, pildistamise hetkeks UTC=20190621T0808Z; litsensitingimuste ehk taaskasutamise juhtnööriks võtta tavaline, paljulubav, Creative Commons. Nagu on normaalne blogspoti kirjastamise juures, saab fotot tavalises brauseris suurendada  hiireklõpsuga. - This morning the XXVII National Song Festival flame arrived at Tartu Observatory. My photo, from UTC=20190621T0808Z; for licensing terms, in other words for guidance on reproduction, take the duly permissive and liberal terms of Creative Commons. As is normal in blogspot publishing, the photo can be enlarged in a normal browser, through a mouse-click. [NOTE ADDED: This particular National Song Festival marks the 150th anniversary of the first (1869) Song Festival, which has long served historians as a milestone within the 1860s National Awakening. The process which the Awakening launched, and which went through its ups and downs over ensuing decades, was to culminate in a pair of legal instruments - on the one hand in the 1918-02-24 Declaration of Independence, and on the other hand in the 1920-02-02 Treaty of Tartu (Traité de Paix, with signatories "Esthonie" and "Republique des Soviets de Russie"), a little after the ceasefire which ended the 1918-1919 War of Indepedence. The XXVII Festival, scheduled for 2019-07-04 through 2019-07-07 in Tallinn,  as a sesquicentennial, is currently being promoted with a procession of the Festival flame through various Estonian centres, both urban and (as in our case) rural. I guess that our local procedure, as I observed it this morning, is typical, with police escort, choirs, ladies in folk costumes (as visible in my photo), and a flag-waving, shutter-happy, crowd.]

Monday, 17 June 2019

Toomas Karmo: Postscriptum 2018.a. esseele ladina keele õppimise teemal / Postscript to 2018 Essay on the Studying of Latin

Kvaliteedihinnang: - Quality assessment:

Selle viiepallilise skaala kohaselt, mis kehtib praegu Eestis, ja kindlasti ka naaberriikides, ja on tuttav kadunud, mitte tagantjärele leinatud, NSVL-i akadeemilise elu vaatlejatele (siin rakendades neid kergeid, lõtvu, kriteeriume, mida Kmo rakendab oma nõgises fantaseeritud "Aleksandr Stepanovitsh Popovi nimelises sangarliku raadio instituudis" ja oma nõgises fantaseeritud "Nikolai Ivanovitsh Lobatshevki nimelises sotsialistliku matemaatika instituudis" - kus, fantaasias ette kujutatud kaksikinstituutide lõdva ja vähenõudliku hindamisreeglite kohaselt 1/5 on "eepiline läbikukkukmine", 2/5 "läbikukkumine, mis pole nii katastrofaalne, et eepilusust saavutada", 3/5 on "kehvavõitu läbipääsemine", 4/5 on "hea" ja 5/5 on "eeskujulik": 2/5. Põhjendus: Teema ei võimaldanud filosoofiliselt sügavat käsitlemist. -  On the 5-point scale current in Estonia, and surely in nearby nations, and familiar to observers of the academic arrangements of the late, unlamented, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (applying the easy and lax standards Kmo deploys in his grubby imaginary "Aleksandr Stepanovitsh Popovi nimeline sangarliku raadio instituut" (the "Alexandr Stepanovitch Popov Institute of Heroic Radio") and his  grubby imaginary "Nikolai Ivanovitsh Lobatshevski nimeline sotsalitsliku matemaatika instituut" (the "Nicolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky Institute of Socialist Mathematics") - where, on the lax and easy grading philosophy of the twin Institutes, 1/5 is "epic fail", 2/5 is "failure not so disastrous as to be epic", 3/5 is "mediocre pass", 4/5 is "good", and 5/5 is "excellent"): 2/5. Justification: The chosen theme did not offer scope for philosophical depth.  


Variandikroonika: - Revision history:

Kõik kalendrip
äevad-kellaajad variandikroonikas on ära toodud UTC-s. UTC, ehk "Maailmakell", on vana GMT-i, ehk "Greenwich Mean Time"-i, täpsustus. Tarvitusel on ISO ettekirjutatud YYYYMMDDThhmmZ ajastembi formaat (kusjuures YYYY on UTC aasta, MM UTC kuu, DD UTC kuupäev, hh UTC tunniarv, mm UTC minutiarv). UTC praegu jookseb Toronto tsiviilkellast 4 tundi ette, Tallinna tsiviilkellast 3 tundi taga. - All times in these blog "revision histories" are stated in UTC (Universal Coordinated Time/ Temps Universel Coordoné,  a precisification of the old GMT, or "Greenwich Mean Time"), in the ISO-prescribed YYYYMMDDThhmmZ timestamping format. UTC currently leads Toronto civil time by 4 hours and currently lags Tallinn civil time by 3 hours. 
 
 
  • 20190620T0841/variant 1.1.0: Kmo kergelt timmis üht "proovikivi" ladinakeelse-anlüüsi harjutust. Ta tegi ka pisikesi grammatilisi või puhtstiililisi parandusi, ehkki enam kui 48 pärast variandi 1.0.0 koostamist. Üldise kontrolli juures ta märkas, et pakutud  UTC seletused (siit mõni rida ülespoole) paraku vastasid Eesti ning Kanada talvekelladele, mitte Eesti ning Kanada suvekelladele. Seegi punkt on nüüd korda pandud. Kmo jättis endale õigust teha veelgi pisikesi, sisusliselt tähtsusetuid, puhtkosmeetilisi õiendusi, järgmise 200 tunni jooksul, kui siin protokollimata variandid 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, ... . - Kmo fine-tuned one of his "touchstone" Latin-analysis exercises. He also make some tiny grammatical and stylistic repairs, even though more than 48 hours had passed since his writing of version 1.0.0. In the course of his general checking, Kmo noticed that his offered acount of UTC (a few lines above this present sentence) was unfortunately fitted to Estonian and Canadian civil winter time, rather than to Estonian and Canadian civil summer time. This fault he likewise corrected.  Kmo reserved the right to make further tiny, nonsubstantive, purely cosmetic, tweaks, over the coming 200 hours, as here-undocumented version 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, ... . 
  • 20190617T1851Z/variant 1.0.0: Kmo laadis piisavalt  lihtivud tööd blogspoti serverile. Ta jättis enda kätte õiguse teha veel pisikesi, sisusliselt tähtsusetuid, puhtkosmeetilisi õiendusi, järgmise 48 tunni jooksul, kui siin protkollimata variandid 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, ...   - Kmo uploaded an adequately  polished version to the blogspot server. He reserved the right to make further tiny, nonsubstantive, purely cosmetic, tweaks, over the coming 48 hours, as here-undocumented versions 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, ... . 
[FILOLOOGILINE TEAVE: Lahkel lugejal palun andestada minu eestikeelseid kirjavigu. Kui pensionieas Välis-Eestist Eestisse ümberasuja, läinud aastakümnete pagulusolude sunnil ilma kodukeelse koolihariduseta, pean ma oma kirjakeelt nüüd parandama peamiselt praktilise harjutamise teel. Sellega ongi siinsamas blogspotis vahetevahelt algusi tehtud, ehkki kohmakalt. Keelelised parandusettepankud oleksid teretulnud, aadressil Toomas.Karmo@gmail.com. - LINGUISTIC NOTE: I ask the Gentle Reader to forgive my blemishes in Estonian prose. As a pension-aged resettler from the Estonian diaspora to Estonia, obliged by exile-diaspora circumstances over the past decades to forego formal Estonian schooling, I must now improve my Estonian prose composition for the most part simply through practice. I have made such a practical-prose beginning here and there in blogspot, albeit clumsily. Linguistic corrections would be welcome, at the address Toomas.Karmo@gmail.com.] 

Taustakirjeldus - Background 


2018.a. talve lõpul, minu viimasel Kanadas asumise aasta alguses, ma kirjutasin ladina keele pedagoogikast  siinses blogspotis inglise keeles, rubriigil "Studying Latin: Some Theoretical Whys, Some Practical Hows" (URL-il http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/02/toomas-karmo-studying-latin-some.html).  Nüüd on aeg käes mullu Kanadas alustatud teemal pisut Eestis jätkata, ühe teatud esilekerkinud isiku julgustamiseks.  - At the end of 2018 winter, at the start of my final year of living in Canada, I wrote on the subject of Latin studies here in blogspot in English, under the heading "Studying Latin: Some Theoretical Whys, Some Practical hows" (at the URL http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/02/toomas-karmo-studying-latin-some.html). The time has now come for me to continue, here in Estonia, with the theme that I started in Canada, so as to encourage a certain recently emerging individual. 

Nimelt on üks noorevõitu tudeng, prl või hr "ABC", astunud skaibiühendusse välismaalt, paludes minu nõu tema algavas ladinakeele õppimises. "ABC" on ülikooli lõpetanud. Seega pole ta hetkel kursustel, ja seega vajaks ta veel eriti kellegi nõu. Nõu ma pakun talle rõõmsalt ning tasutult. Ma leian, et sobiv on neid nõuandeid ka laiema Interneti üldsusega jagada, kuna nad võiksid tulevikus teistelegi kasulikuks osutuda. -  Specifically, a rather youthful student, Miss or Mr "ABC", has recently started Skype communication from abroad, asking my advice in her or his just-launched Latin studies. "ABC" has finished university. He or she is consequently not at the moment enrolled in courses, and consequently is in particular need of advice. I give her or him my help cheerfully and for free. I find it additionally appropriate to share my tips with the general Internet readership, since my advice may in future prove useful to persons other than ABC.  

Siinjuures on vaid üks hoiatus ehk "caveat" ("Cave canem" = "Hoia koera eeset", "Caveat emptor" = "Ostja olgu valvel"). Ehkki ma saan ABC-d aidata tasutult, ei ole mul tulevikus võimalik säärast abi mitmele kinkida. Seega caveant omnes! Juhul, kui mõnel ilusal päeval pöördub minu poole mõni teine ning kolmas isik "BCD" ning "CDE" analoogsete vajadustega, oleksin ma sunnitud suhtuma jõudsalt kasvavasse asjasse mitte täiesti eitavalt, kuid siiski kui ettevõtja ehk teenustemüüja. Kui, ütleme hüpoteetiliselt, kaugema tuleviku prl BCD osutub välismaalaseks nagu ABC, peaksin ma temaga koos uurima PayPal'i tasuvõimalusi. Ja kui, ütleme jälle hüpoteetiliselt, kaugema tuleviku hr CDE osutub eestimaalaseks, peaksin ma temalt paluma mingisugust sobivat tasu kas sularaha või pangaülekande või õunapuudepügamistööde näol, või - mis veelgi parem - minu eesti kirjakeele parandamises. - A reservation or "caveat" arises here. ("Cave canem" = "Look out for the dog", "Caveat emptor" = "Let the purchaser beware.") Although I can help ABC for free, it will not be feasible for me in future to offer this type of help to many people. So caveant omnes! If it should one fine day happen that some second and third individuals "Miss BCD" and "Mr CDE" turn to me with needs similar to those of ABC, I would be obliged to adopt, toward the vigorously expanding situation, an attitude not altogether negative, and yet nevertheless entrpreneurial, as appropriate in the selling of a service. If (let us hypothetically suppose) the BCD of the remoter future proves to be a foreigner, as ABC is, then I would have to explore PayPal financial-transfer possibilities with her. And if (let us again hypothetically suppose) the CDE of the more remote future turns out to be Estonian, I would have to ask him for appropriate compensation in cash or by bank transfer or by way of apple-tree pruning - or, what would be still better, through his tutoring me in Estonian prose composition. 

Et ABC privaatsust kaitsta, ma siin ei seleta, millest soost on ABC, ega milles konkreetses välisriigis ta asub (ja veel ammugi mitte, milles linnas). Ma näiteks ei kinnita ega lükka ümber oletust, et ABC asub kusagil Aasias. Siin tuletaksin vaid meelde hea ameerika vanasõna, Las Vegase kohta, mis sobiiks iga linna-küla-aleviku kohta, asugu see kas Ameerikas või (näiteks) Aasias, Aafrikas või Austraalias: Mis sünnib Vegases jäägu Vegasesse. - To protect ABC's privacy, I will not here divulge ABC's gender or in what particular foreign country ABC is living (and much less in what foreign city). I for example neither confirm nor deny the supposition that ABC lives somewhere in Asia. Here I would simply call to mind the good American proverb, concerning Las Vegas, applicable to any city-town-village-hamlet anywhere, be it in America or (e.g.) in Asia, Africa, or Australia: What happens in Vegas stays in Vegas. 


Konkreetseid soovitusi ABC-le ning teistele (1): Seadke sisse ajaregister - Concrete advice for ABC and others (1): Set up  a timelog



Peab kindlaks tegema, et vajalik aeg saab vajalikus mahus investeeritud. Nagu ma eelpoolmainitud essees (http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/02/toomas-karmo-studying-latin-some.html) 2018.a. nentisin, grammatika aluste õppimise puhul sobivalt kompaktsest ja asjalikust raamatust (isiklikult eelistaksin ma seal-mainitud Bettsi Teach Yourself Latin), tuleks investeerida paarsada tundi. ("...thanks to almost two millennia of systematized teaching, we know just how long it takes to master Latin declensions and conjugations, for the pupil of average intelligence at or beyond late adolescence. With decently brisk instruction books, such a pupil does not need six hundred desk hours. Three hundred, perhaps even two hundred, or in the case of a really gifted pupil under two hundred, are known to suffice." - "...tänu ligi kahe aastatuhande süstemaatiseeritule õpetamisele, me teame küllaltki täpselt, kui kaua aega läheb ladinakeele käändkondade ja pöördkondade omaksvõtmiseks, keskpäraste võimetega tudengi puhul kas teismelise ea lõpu poole või veel kõrgemas elueas. Viisakalt kiiretempoliste õpikute juures niisugune õpilane ei vajaks kuutsada õppelaua tundi. On teada, et piisab kolmestsajast, võimalikult isegi paaristsajast, ja erakordselt andeka õpilase puhul koguni alla kahesajast tunnist.") - It is necessary to make check that time has been duly invested. As I mentioned in the above-cited 2018 essay (http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/02/toomas-karmo-studying-latin-some.html), for the learning of foundational grammar from a suitable compact and businesslike book (personally I prefer the there-mentioned book by Betts, Teach Yourself Latin), it would be appropriate to invest a couple of hundred hours. ("...thanks to almost two millennia of systematized teaching, we know just how long it takes to master Latin declensions and conjugations, for the pupil of average intelligence at or beyond late adolescence. With decently brisk instruction books, such a pupil does not need six hundred desk hours. Three hundred, perhaps even two hundred, or in the case of a really gifted pupil under two hundred, are known to suffice.") 

Siinjuures ma soovitaksin oma enda harjumust, kus ka olen läbi mõnegi aasta pidanud oma iga olulise õppeaine juures ajaregistri, arvutis, lameda-ASCII ehk *.txt formaadis. - Here I would recommend my own routine, under which I have for quite a few years been keeping a timelog for each of my significant study subjects, on computer, in flat-ASCII (*.txt) format. 

Näitena toon siin, osaliselt, üks minu mitmest registrist - nimelt see, mis aitas mul valvata minu privaatset ladina keele õppimist, kui ma võtsin ladina keele uuesti käsile alatest 2007.a. (Ma olin küll veel kaugemas minevikus, aastail 1982-1983, olnud kursustel Austraalias, osaliselt Bettsi enda auditooriumis. Järelikult ei ole ma õpilase ABC raskemas seisundis. Tema praegune algus, vastandina minu 2007-09-29 algusele, on puhtalt nullist.) Antud näitest on näha, et ma hilisemates faasides olin oluliste autorite juures: "regula s. Benedicti" on vihje Nursia Benektiinuse munkade Reeglile, "Latin Prose" aga vihje Ontario (Kanada) gümnaasiumitele mõeldud umbes 1960.a.-st kogumikule, kus on pikki lõiki Caesarist ning Cicerost, lühemaid lõiki veel teistest autoritest.   - In illustration, I reproduce here, in part, one of my many timelogs - namely the one which helped me monitor my private Latin study, when I took up Latin again, as a refresher, from 2007 onward. (I indeed had in the more remote past, in the years 1982 and 1983, taken courses in Australia, in part in Betts's own classroom. Consequently my position is easier than ABC's. Her or his own beginning, in contrast to my 2007-09-29 beginning, is a beginning from zero.) From this illustration it can be seen that in the later phases of my work I have been using appropriate authors: "regula s. Benedicti" in the timelog is a reference to the monastic Rule from Benedict of Nursia, and "Latin Prose" a reference to a 1960-era Ontario (Canada) high-school anthology, offering long extracts from Caesar and Cicero, as well as shorter extracts from other authors.) 



20070929=02h02->0002h02 (HEBD 0000)
..............................
20070930=01h13->0003h15 (HEBD 0001)
20071001=01h00->0004h15
..............................
20071007=01h33->0005h48 (HEBD 0002)
20071008=00h47->0006h35
20071010=00h48->0007h23
..............................
20071014=00h46->0008h09 (HEBD 0003)
20071018=02h15->0010h24
......................................................................
20071024=00h14->0010h38 (HEBD 0004)
20071025=01h32->0012h10
20071026=01h21->0013h31
......................................................................
20071031=03h04->0016h35 (HEBD 0005)
......................................................................
20071105=01h43->0018h18 (HEBD 0006)
20071109=00h25->0018h43
20071110=00h05->0018h48
......................................................................
20071111=01h36->0020h24 (HEBD 0007)
20071112=00h30->0020h54
20071113=00h34->0021h28
20071117=01h05->0022h33
......................................................................
20071119=00h50->0023h23 (HEBD 0008)
20071120=01h02->0024h25
20071121=00h55->0025h20
......................................................................
20071126=00h58->0026h18 (HEBD 0009)
20071127=00h24->0026h42
20071130=00h48->0027h30
......................................................................
20071203=00h20->0027h50 (HEBD 0010)
20071204=00h17->0028h07
20071206=01h23->0029h30
20071207=01h11->0030h41
......................................................................
20071209=00h46->0031h27 (HEBD 0011)
20071210=00h12->0031h39
20071211=01h04->0032h43
20071215=00h55->0033h38
20071216=01h03->0034h41
......................................................................
20071219=01h11->0035h52 (HEBD 0012)
20071222=00h37->0036h29
......................................................................
20071226=01h26->0037h55 (HEBD 0013)
20071227=01h18->0039h13
......................................................................
20080101=03h22->0042h35 (HEBD 0014)

((/.../))

20090702=00h27->0218h04
20090928=00h14->0218h18__regula s. Benedicti
20091005=00h09->0218h27
20091009=00h16->0218h43
20100521=00h06->0218h49__regula s. Benedicti

((/.../))

20150622=01h17->0330h48
20150624=02h16->0333h04
20150625=01h18->0334h22
20150626=02h38->0337h00

((/.../))
20170728=01h21->0402h31__legebam in antologia "Latin Prose",
                         in parte secundaria
20170729=01h27->0403h58__itaqe
* HEBDOMA_PERDITA
* HEBDOMA_PERDITA
20170817=00h23->0404h21__itaque

((/.../))

20180306=00h02->0511h12
20180307=00h03->0511h15
20180310=00h10->0511h25

((/.../))

Konkreetseid soovitusi ABC-le ning teistele (2): Kontrollige oma oskusi minu pisikeste "proovikividega" - Concrete advice for ABC and others (2): Check your skills with my small "touchstone" exercises


ABC saab kontrollida oma ladina analüüsimisoskusi paariminutilse vestluse juures, kui me järgmisel korral skaibime. Tal on hetkel Bettsi esimene peatükk vist läbi võetud. Seega siis pakuksin pisikesi proovikive, millega saab juba ülilühikese vestluse jooksul kontrollida, et tema esimese-peatüki asi on korras. Õpilane ABC tõlkigu mulle järgmisi proovikive inglise keelde, oma skaibimikrofoni juures: - ABC can check her or his Latin analysis skills in the course of a two-minute chat, when we next Skype. She or he has now perhaps finished the first chapter in Betts. I would consequently offer some tiny touchstones, through which we can confirm, in a brief chat, that ABC's first-chapter affairs are in good shape. Let student ABC translate the following touchstones into English, at his or her Skype microphone:  

* (a) insulae puellarum
* (b) puellae insularum
* (c) Nauta puellam amat.
* (d) Puellam nauta amat.
* (e) Nautam puella amat.
* (f) Puella nautam amat.
* (g) Puellae nautas amant.
* (h) Puellas nautae amant.
* (i) Nauta insulam puellae amat.
* (j) Nauta puellam agricolae amat.
* (k) Nautae puellas insularum amant.
* (l) Agricola est in insula cum puella.
* (m) Agricola est in insula cum puellis. 
* (n) Agricolae in insula cum puella sunt.
* (o) Agricolae in insulis cum puellis sunt.   

[See on praeguse blogspoti pala lõpp. - This is the end of the current blogspot posting.]

Saturday, 19 January 2019

Toomas Karmo: More Work on the Visually Brightest Stars (Upgrade in RASC Publishing)

Kvaliteedihinnang: - Quality assessment:

Selle viiepallilise skaala kohaselt, mis kehtib praegu Eestis, ja kindlasti ka naaberriikides, ja on tuttav kadunud, mitte tagantjärele leinatud, NSVL-i akadeemilise elu vaatlejatele (siin rakendades neid kergeid, lõtvu, kriteeriume, mida Kmo rakendab oma nõgises fantaseeritud "Aleksandr Stepanovitsh Popovi nimelises sangarliku raadio instituudis" ja oma nõgises fantaseeritud "Nikolai Ivanovitsh Lobatshevki nimelises sotsialistliku matemaatika instituudis" - kus, fantaasias ette kujutatud kaksikinstituutide lõdva ja vähenõudliku hindamisreeglite kohaselt 1/5 on "eepiline läbikukkukmine", 2/5 "läbikukkumine, mis poli nii katastrofaalne, et eepilusust saavutada", 3/5 on "kehvavõitu läbipääsemine", 4/5 on "hea" ja 5/5 on "eeskujulik": 2/5. Põhjendus: Teema ei võimaldanud filosoofiliselt sügavat käsitlemist. -  On the 5-point scale current in Estonia, and surely in nearby nations, and familiar to observers of the academic arrangements of the late, unlamented, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (applying the easy and lax standards Kmo deploys in his grubby imaginary "Aleksandr Stepanovitsh Popovi nimeline sangarliku raadio instituut" (the "Alexandr Stepanovitch Popov Institute of Heroic Radio") and his  grubby imaginary "Nikolai Ivanovitsh Lobatshevski nimeline sotsalitsliku matemaatika instituut" (the "Nicolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky Institute of Socialist Mathematics") - where, on the lax and easy grading philosophy of the twin Institutes, 1/5 is "epic fail", 2/5 is "failure not so disastrous as to be epic", 3/5 is "mediocre pass", 4/5 is "good", and 5/5 is "excellent"): 2/5. Justification: The chosen theme did not offer scope for philosophical depth.  


Variandikroonika: - Revision history:

Kõik kalendrip
äevad-kellaajad variandikroonikas on ära toodud UTC-s. UTC, ehk "Maailmakell", on vana GMT-i, ehk "Greenwich Mean Time"-i, täpsustus. Tarvitusel on ISO ettekirjutatud YYYYMMDDThhmmZ ajastembi formaat (kusjuures YYYY on UTC aasta, MM UTC kuu, DD UTC kuupäev, hh UTC tunniarv, mm UTC minutiarv). UTC praegu jookseb Toronto tsiviilkellast 5 tundi ette, Tallinna tsiviilkellast 2 tundi taga. - All times in these blog "revision histories" are stated in UTC (Universal Coordinated Time/ Temps Universel Coordoné,  a precisification of the old GMT, or "Greenwich Mean Time"), in the ISO-prescribed YYYYMMDDThhmmZ timestamping format. UTC currently leads Toronto civil time by 5 hours and currently lags Tallinn civil time by 2 hours. 
 
  • 20190131T0943Z/variant 1.1.0: Kmo muutis kvaliteedihinnangut allapoole (varem 3/5, nüüd aga 2/5). Ta veel täiendas pakutud Tartu-Tõravere meteoroloogiajaama andmeid. Ta jättis enda kätte õiguse teha veel pisikesi, sisusliselt tähtsusetuid, puhtkosmeetilisi õiendusi, järgmise 48 tunni jooksul, kui siin protkollimata variandid 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, ...   - Kmo revised his quality assessment downward, from  3/5 to 2/5. He also supplemented the information he had been offering on the Tartu-Tõravere meteorology station. He reserved the right to make further tiny, nonsubstantive, purely cosmetic, tweaks, over the coming 48 hours, as here-undocumented versions 1.1.1, 1.1.2, 1.1.3, ... . 
  • 20190119T2026Z/variant 1.0.0: Kmo laadis piisavalt  lihtivud tööd blogspoti serverile. Ta jättis enda kätte õiguse teha veel pisikesi, sisusliselt tähtsusetuid, puhtkosmeetilisi õiendusi, järgmise 48 tunni jooksul, kui siin protkollimata variandid 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, ...   - Kmo uploaded an adequately  polished version to the blogspot server. He reserved the right to make further tiny, nonsubstantive, purely cosmetic, tweaks, over the coming 48 hours, as here-undocumented versions 1.0.1, 1.0.2, 1.0.3, ... . 
[HOIATAV TEAVE: Tunduvalt vigane bloggeri-nimeline serveri tarkvara on viimaste kuude jooksul näidanud kalduvusi paigutada soovimatut valgevahet niimõnesse siia laaditud esseesse. Kui tundub, et ekraan lõpeb tühja ruumiga, tuleb veel allapoole liikuda, hiire abil. Essee lõpp ei ole käes enne, kui esineb tavaline bloggeri sõnum "Posted by Toomas (Tom) Karmo at". - Bloggeri tarkvara on ka näidanud kalduvusi, vähemalt kui rakendatud minu varema, aegunud, veebi esseedekirjutamise brauseri kaudu, toota HTML-i, mida eri allalaadivad brauserid formaadivad erinevatel viisidel. Mõned allalaadivad brauserid on võimalikult vahest mitte korralikult sisse lugenud kõik need "Cascading Style Sheets'e" (CSS-e), mis igas tavalises veebibrausers juhivad lehekülje servade, kõrvalparagrahvide jms. paigutamist. Kui Te oletate, et Teie kasutuselevõetud brauseris esineb CSS-e probleeme, olge kannatlikud: tõenäone on, et ehkki osa sisust on paigutatud mõnda veidrasse kohta (näiteks, brauseri alumise serva vastu, kui ta pidanuks minema parema serva vastu), siiski kõik serveri sisu on lükatud Teie brauserisse ühte või teisse kätteleitavasse paika. - Viimaseks, on võimalik et on bloggeri iseärasusi-eksitusi, väljaspool minu kontrolli, tähtede suuruse määramises, ridade vahemaa määramises või trükiploki parema serva õgvendamisstiili määramises. - Kes soovib aidata sääraste veebivigade parandamisega, või kes soovib ka teisigi tehnilisi nõuandeid pakkuda, võiks julgesti mulle kirjutada aadressil Toomas.Karmo@gmail.com. - CAUTION: A bug in the blogger server-side software has in some past months shown a propensity to insert inappropriate whitespace at some points in some of my posted essays. If a screen seems to end in empty space, keep scrolling down. The end of the posting is not reached until the usual blogger "Posted by Toomas (Tom) Karmo at" appears. - The bloggersoftware has also shown a propensity, at any rate when coupled with my erstwhile, out-of-date, Web-authoring uploading browser, to generate HTML that gets formatted in different ways on different downloading browsers. Some downloading browsers have sometimes perhaps not correctly read in the entirety of the "Cascading Style Sheets" (CSS) which on all ordinary Web servers control the browser placement of margins, sidebars, and the like. If you suspect CSS problems in your particular browser, be patient: it is probable that while some content has been shoved into some odd place (for instance, down to the bottom of your browser, where it ought to appear in the right-hand margin), all the server content has been pushed down into your browser in some place or other. - Finally, there may be bloggervagaries, outside my control, in font sizing or interlinear spacing or right-margin justification. - Anyone inclined to help with trouble-shooting, or to offer other kinds of technical advice, is welcome to write me via Toomas.Karmo@gmail.com.]




On 2018-01-01, I uploaded a blogspot posting, as http://toomaskarmo.blogspot.com/2018/01/toomas-karmo-visually-brightest-stars.html, on a publishing initiative at the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC). At the time, RASC had just undertaken the simultaneous issuing of 2018 Canadian and 2018 USA editions of its venerable annual Observer's Handbook

Now, at the start of 2019, it is appropriate to upload an update. This update I write no longer from the vicinity of the David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill, Ontario, Canada, but from my new quarters in the dark-sky hamlet, Tõravere, of Tartu Observatory in Estonia. 

****

The 2018 RASC initiative has succeeded, with the debut USA edition generating sufficient interest to justify RASC in issuing a 2019 USA successor. We may now hope that in 2020 and later years,  RASC proves able to follow the precedents it successfully set in 2018 and 2019. Further, I privately hope that over the coming years the USA edition will attract at least a few readers over here in Europe. 


****

As RASC moves forward, I try to move forward too, from Estonia, in my continuing capacity as lead author of the Handbook visually-brightest-stars article. 

The Handbook printed edition does not offer much scope for change, apart from the systematic updating of celestial coordinates in the brightest-stars table and the opportunistic updating of miscellaneous other tabulated data. The online brightest-stars work, on the other hand, can and should get overhauled from one year to the next. 

For 2019, I have made only minor amplifications in my three-author collegium's online essay (now incorporating, however, all the substance from the printed-edition essay, so as to make the online version intelligible to those readers who lack the printed Handbook).  My main online overhaul for 2019 has been not in the essay, but in the long star-by-star table that follows it. For present blogspot purposes, it suffices to reproduce what I write in the 2019 online essay regarding the 2019 online table: 

[Here is] an extended version of the printed-edition table, (a) with extra stars (the brightest 313, allowing for variability, where the printed edition has almost 30 fewer, allowing for variability), and (b) with additional remarks for most of the duplicated stars. The online essay and table try to address the needs of three kinds of serious amateur: amateurs who are also astrophysics students (whether or not enrolled formally at some campus); amateurs who, like many in RASC, assist in public outreach, through some form of lecturing; and amateurs who are planning their own private citizen-science observing runs, in the spirit of such “pro-am” organizations as AAVSO [the American Association of Variable Star Observers; https://www.aavso.org/]. 

Our online project, now a couple of years old, must be considered still in its early stages. We cannot claim to have fully satisfied the needs of our three constituencies. Above all, we cannot claim to have covered all the appropriate points from stellar astronomy news in our “Remarks” column, important though news is to amateurs of all three types. We would hope in coming years to remedy our deficiencies in several ways, above all by relying more in our writing on recent primary-literature journal articles, and by making appropriate citations of the primary literature.

Already at this early stage, we have tried to pick out a few tens of the more important recent journal articles. /.../ 

The online essay and table may be downloaded for free by anyone, whether or not a member of RASC, from https://www.rasc.ca/sites/default/files/Brightest%20Stars_2019.pdf. Particulars on the printed-edition Handbook can be had from https://www.rasc.ca/handbook.

****

As an appendix to today's posting, I upload photos from my smartphone. As the last in my trio of Yuletide blogspot photos, from 2018-12-23, I selected the snowy road from the Tõravere rail platform to the Tõravere hamlet. Today I continue on that same wintry theme. 

The Administration Building in Tõravere could barely be glimpsed in my Yuletide photo, at the far end of a straight tree-lined approach. Here is how it looked close up a few days ago, under a fresh snowfall, in the rather dim light characteristic of early afternoon in January at a latitude just nine or so arcseconds S of  58°16´ N:  






And here is the internal astronomy-compound road leading westward from the Administration Building, to the various telescope domes, at the same time of day, under the same snowfall:




The little brick shed in the foreground (a left mouse-click yields an enlargement in the browser) has a mural of an antlered buck against a starry sky. To see the mural painter's conception of E.T., on the other hand, against a similarly starry sky, you have to walk around the corner of the shed, viewing it from the north rather than from the east.

The columns on the south side of the road are part of the rather large Tõravere astronomical park, illustrating the cosmic distance scale in a powers-of-ten style. 

The building glimpsed in the rear, where the road turns, is not a telescope dome, but the support building for the instrument plaza of the Tartu-Tõravere meteorological station. This is a part of the Estonian Environment Agency network, as mapped at https://www.ilmateenistus.ee/ilmateenistus/vaatlusvork/. The Tartu-Tõravere weather instrumentation is denoted on the Environment Agency's map by a green square lying 20 km east of the principal fully Estonian lake, Võrtsjärv.  Tartu-Tõravere is one of just three continuously manned stations in the Estonia's network of roughly 20 meteorological posts. (All but two of the others, likewise denoted by green squares, are roboticized, and operated remotely. The many coloured disks on the map denote not meteorology, but posts for the aquatic monitoring of the sea-land edge (yellow), of  bog-or-swamp (red),  and of rivers or lakes (blue).). Lightning strikes are monitored at Tartu-Tõravere in radio. Special attention is given, in a longstanding pair of local meteorological traditions,  to actinometry and to cloud taxonomy. Apart from meteorology, the Tartu-Tõravere station operates a magetometry hut - a facility of some special significance at present, with the North magnetic pole now moving rapidly, and with the next outright reversal in the Earth's magnetic poles now coming due. 

[This is the end of the current blogspot posting.]